Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist, Certified Registered nurses who are responsible for the safe administration of anesthesia during full medical trials. In U.S CRNA are registered by the Council on Accreditation.Almost 44000 registered CRNAs are serving throughout 50 states in the U.S. History of CRNA program is more than 150+ years old.
CRNAs perform solely during the medical or surgical procedure for the safe administration of the anesthesia which is given to a patient to reduce the pain. The excess or low dosage of anesthesia will ultimately result in more pain for the patient mainly during the surgical procedures.
CRNA receives more training as compared to registered nurses ensuring the better and safe medical practice. There are several core responsibilities of CRNA which are as follows:
- One of the core responsibilities of the CRNA includes the evaluation of the patients physically and going through the necessary medical history of the patients highlighting any precautions to be taken before the anesthesia administration and informing the patients with procedures.
- It is the core responsibility of the CRNA profession to evaluate the OT before surgical procedures ensuring the OT and equipment are ready for surgery and required drugs are present.
- It is in the line of duty of CRNAs by practicing safe procedures to prevent airway obstruction during treatment, insertion of a butterfly for the administration of fluids and tracheal intubation for the proper flow of air in the patients without obstruction.
- To evaluate and handle the patients with surgical complications which can put the life of a patient in danger.
- CRNA also assist the doctors during surgery and other medical procedures.
CRNA can be allocated to government, private and military hospitals as well. The major area of the CRNA operations is OT and Surgical Centers. Statistics released by American Nurses Association the more than 65 percent anesthesia is being administered by CRNA alone in the U.S.
The work of a CRNA is not as easy as it looks. CRNA careers come with significant responsibilities. As CRNA professional one has to be very careful with the dosage of anesthesia that is being administered to a patient. The working hours are not defined anywhere in a CRNA career, as they have to work in hospitals often depending upon the number of surgical cases being handled by hospitals. In a CRNA job, a person has to spend more time in hospitals dealing with patients.
What does it need to be a CRNA?
There are several factors involved in shaping a professional CRNA group, including the basic set of qualities that are necessary by the CRNA professionals to help the patients. CRNA career comes with a lot of responsibilities and accountable for the actions that are taken. Being a professional CRNA you have to work alone without waiting for an instruction to save lives and CRNA professional should have an eye for the future that they should consider all the possible outcomes of the steps they will take during the medical practice, and the actions should be swift and are error free because any wrong decision on small scale will lead to disastrous results and a put a life in jeopardy. As a CRNA, you need excellent skills to interact with the patients and involves with them directly. CRNA often have to deal the patients psychologically without affecting their emotional stability and precise throughout the medical evaluation and should remain diligent. CRNA also have to build a relationship with the trust with people to increase their moral before the anesthesia administration. One of the essential quality that should exist in the CRNA is critical writing that they should write critically which is more audience oriented.
For all those prospective students who are interested in CRNA career must have a Bachelor’s in the field of nursing or sciences mainly in Biology. One should achieve higher grades to enter the CRNA career. The most medical schools offering CRNA program requires higher educational qualification with GPA no less 3.0 out of 4.0. The experience varies from institute to institute but on average you will need 2 to 3 years of experience in Acute Care. The graduate level students possess the Masters and Doctoral degree in the field of anesthesia.
Talking about the length of study which also varies from institute to institute, but on average it takes 2 to 3 years. The course is divided into two phases i.e. Phase-I and Phase-II. The Phase-I consist of classes and practice labs making you familiarize with the medicinal practice which is demonstrated in the simulation labs and in Phase-II which consists entirely of the medical practice and clinical rotations in different departments including surgical, acute care and operation theaters, of various clinics and hospitals. When you end both phases, you have to go through the national exams set by the Council on Certification of Nurse Anesthetists. The passing percentage at the National level for the first time test takers is 90%. The tuition costs are not less for the CRNA program which also changes with institutions accordingly with an average between $100,000 to $200,000.
CRNA, A Path of Knowledge
CRNA career does not end with obtaining the Certification issued by COA. As a CRNA one has to remain updated with the modern knowledge of medicine for that purpose a course of 40 credit hours has to be studied by the CRNA and apply for the renewal of CRNA license by submitting the proof of practice and classes that were considered.